ISRO, Important Satellites, Rocket Launch Sites, Gaganyaan 2018-19

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ISRO, Important Satellites, Launch Sites, Gaganyaan 2018-19 PDF

ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation)

  • Headquarter: Bangalore
  • Chairperson: Dr K. Sivan
  • Antrix Corp: The commercial arm of ISRO

Some Important Facts

  • Aryabhata: First Indian Satellite
  • Rohini: First Indian Satellite, launched by an Indian launch vehicle
  • GSLV-Mk III: Heaviest rocket launched (carried GSAT-29 satellite)

Rocket Launch Sites in India

  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre – Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre – Sriharikota, AP
  • Abdul Kalam Island – Balasore, Odisha

Indian Human Spaceflight Programme

  • Chairman (Human Space Flight Centre): Unnikrishnan Nair
  • Project Director: Dr R Hutton
  • Name of Spacecraft: Gaganyaan
  • Crew Capacity: 3 People
  • Manufacturer: HAL and ISRO
  • Design life: 7 days
  • First launch: Dec 2020 (unmanned), Dec 2021 (manned)

Important Satellites of 2018

CartoSat-2F (Earth Observation Satellite) / Jan 12

  • Built by: ISAC + SAC
  • Launcher: PSLV-C40
  • Regime: Sun-synchronous orbit
  • From: Satish Dhawan Space Centre
  • 6th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO

IRNSS-1I (Geosynchronous Navigation Satellite) / Apr 12

  • Built by: ISAC + SAC
  • Launcher: PSLV-XL C41
  • Regime: Geo-synchronous orbit
  • From: Satish Dhawan Space Centre SLP
  • 8th satellite in the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) series.
  • The satellite is intended to replace the failed IRNSS-1A, and complete the constellation of geosynchronous navigation satellites after IRNSS-1H failed to do so.

GSAT-29 (High-throughput Communication Satellite) / Nov 14

  • Built by: ISAC + SAC
  • Launcher: GSLV Mk III
  • Regime: Geostationary orbit
  • From: Satish Dhawan Space Centre SLP
  • The heaviest satellite that was placed in orbit by an Indian launch vehicle.
  • To provide high-speed bandwidth to Village Resource Centres (VRC) in rural areas.

HySIS (Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite) / Nov 2

  • Built by: ISRO
  • Launcher: PSLV C43
  • Regime: Sun-synchronous orbit
  • From: Satish Dhawan Space Centre FLP
  • To provide hyperspectral imaging services to India for a range of applications in agriculture, forestry and in the assessment of coastal zones and inland waterways.
  • The data will also be accessible to India’s defence forces.

GSAT-11 (Communications Satellite) / Dec 4

  • Built by: ISAC + SAC
  • Launcher: Ariane 5 VA246
  • Regime: Geostationary orbit
  • From: Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana, France
  • India’s heaviest satellite ever.
  • It will boost the broadband connectivity to rural and inaccessible Gram Panchayats in the country coming under the Bharat Net Project, which is part of Digital India Programme.

GSAT-7A / Angry Bird (Military Communications Satellite) / Dec 19

  • Built by: ISAC + SAC
  • Launcher: GSLV Mk.II F11
  • Regime: Geostationary orbit
  • From: Satish Dhawan Space Centre SLP
  • It will enable IAF to interlink different ground radar stations, ground airbase, aircraft to aircraft Real-time Control System, Airborne early warning and control aircraft such as Beriev A-50 Phalcon, Unmanned aerial vehicle and DRDO AEW&CS. The satellite will enhance Network-centric warfare capabilities of the Indian Air Force and therefore enhance its global operations.
  • The satellite will also be used by Indian Army’s Aviation Corps for its real-time control and communication system for the helicopters and UAV’s operations.

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