Static GK (General Knowledge) Capsule for UPSC, SSC, IB & Railways 2019

Static GK (General Knowledge) Capsule for UPSC, SSC, IB & Railways 2019

Indian Currency Details

Value Dimensions Front Back Colour
₹5 117 x 63 mm Mahatma Gandhi Tractor Green
₹10 123 x 63 mm Mahatma Gandhi Konark Sun Temple Chocolate brown
₹20 147 × 63 mm Mahatma Gandhi Mount Harriet, Port Blair Red-orange
₹50 135 × 66 mm Mahatma Gandhi Hampi with Chariot Aqua
₹100 142 x 66 mm Mahatma Gandhi Rani ki Vav Lavender
₹200 146 × 66 mm Mahatma Gandhi Sanchi Stupa Bright yellow
₹500 150 × 66 mm Mahatma Gandhi Red Fort Stone grey
₹2000 166 × 66 mm Mahatma Gandhi Mangalyaan Magenta
Note: Aqua = greenish-blue, lavender = light purple, Magenta = purplish

Famous Slogans of Indian Freedom Fighters

  • Subhash Chandra Bose: Jai Hind (‘Glory to India!’), Give me blood and I will give you the freedom, Dilli Chalo (‘On to Delhi!’), Ittehad, Etemad, Qurbani (‘Unity, Agreement, Sacrifice’)
  • Mahatma Gandhi: Karo ya maro (‘Do or die’)
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri: Jai Jawan Jai Kisan (‘Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer’)
  • Bhagat Singh: ‘Inquilab Zindabad!’ (‘Long Live the Revolution’) coined by Hasrat Mohani.
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak: Swaraj (self-rule) is my birthright and I shall have it
  • Madan Mohan Malaviya: Satyameva Jayate (‘Truth alone triumphs’) from Mundaka Upanishad

Important Indian Honours

Civilian Awards (Awarded on 26 Jan)

  1. Bharat Ratna (Highest Civilian Award): Awarded for exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. Awarded to Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Dr. CV Raman and Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan (1st and 2nd VP of India) in 1954, and Madan Mohan Malviya and Atal Bihari Vajpayee (3 time PM of India, 1996, 1998, 1999–2004) in 2015
  2. Padma Vibhushan (2nd highest civilian award): Awarded for exceptional and distinguished service. Awarded to Ghulam Mustafa Khan (Indian classical musician), P. Parameswaran (RSS) and Illaiyaraja (Music Composer & Writer, TN) in 2018.
  3. Padma Bhushan (3rd highest civilian award): Awarded for distinguished service of a high order. Awarded to MS Dhoni, Pankaj Advani (Billiards), Sharda Sinha (folk singer, Bihar) and 7 others in 2018.
  4. Padma Shri (4th highest civilian award): Awarded for distinguished service.

Military Awards

Wartime Gallantry Awards

  1. Param Vir Chakra (Highest Wartime Gallantry Award): Awarded for displaying distinguished acts of valour during wartime
  2. Mahavir Chakra (2nd highest Wartime Gallantry Award): Awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.
  3. Vir Chakra (3rd highest Wartime Gallantry Award)

Peacetime Gallantry Awards

  1. Ashoka Chakra (Highest Wartime Gallantry Award): Awarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield.
  2. Kirti Chakra (2nd highest Peacetime Gallantry Award)
  3. Shaurya Chakra (3rd highest Wartime Gallantry Award)

Literature Awards

Jnanpith Award is the highest literary honour Award in Literature of India.

Sports Awards

  • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (highest sporting honour): Awarded annually by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports for Spectacular and most outstanding performance in the field of sports over a period of four years. In 2018, Virat Kohli, Mirabai Chanu (Weightlifting)
  • Dronacharya award: Sports coaching honour. 8 Winners in 2018
  • Arjuna award: Civilian award for outstanding individual achievements in National Sports. 20 Winners including Smriti Mandhana
  • Dhyan Chand Award: Lifetime Achievement sporting honour in India. In 2018, Bobby Aloysius (Athletics), Bharat Chettri (Hockey), Satyadev Prasad (Archery), Chougale Dadu Dattatray (Wrestling)
  • Polly Umrigar Award: For international cricketer of the year. Virat Kohli in 2016-17 and 2017-18
  • C.K. Nayudu Award: For lifetime achievement in sports. Late Pankaj Roy in 2017-18

65th National Film Awards (Feature Films, Non-Feature Films, Best Writing on Cinema)

  • Dada Saheb Phalke Award (For lifetime achievement): Vinod Khanna
  • Best Director: Jayaraj for Bhayanakam (Malayalam)
  • Best Feature Film: Village Rockstars (Assamese)
  • Best Actor: Ridhhi Sen for Nagar Kirtan (Bengali)
  • Best Actress: Sridevi for Mom (Hindi)

Man Booker International Prize

  • 2018 – Olga Tokarczuk for Flights novel written in Polish
  • 2005 – Ismail Kadare Albanian received first Man Booker International Prize

In 1993, to celebrate the 25th anniversary, Booker of Bookers Prize was given to Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children

In 2008, to celebrate the 40th anniversary, Best of the Booker was awarded to Midnight’s Children

In 2018, to celebrate the 50th anniversary, the Golden Man Booker was awarded to Michael Ondaatje’s The English Patient.

Nobel Prizes

  • In the memory of Alfred Nobel (Prize money: Approx US$1 million, Gold Medal, Diploma)
  • Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist. Known for inventing dynamite, Nobel also owned Bofors, which he had redirected from its previous role as primarily an iron and steel producer to a major manufacturer of cannon and other armaments.
  • First Awarded: Wilhelm Röntgen (1901) (In Physics for discovery of X-rays)
  • First Indian: Rabindranath Tagore (1913) (In Literature for Geetanjali, a collection of poems)
  • First Indian Scientist: C. Venkata Raman (1930) (For light scattering – physics)
  • Youngest Worldwide: Malala Yousafzai-(17) (2014) (Peace) along with Kailash Satyarthi
  • Awarded for: Outstanding contributions for humanity in chemistry, literature, peace, physics, and physiology or medicine and economics.
  • Country: Sweden (all prizes except the Peace Prize) Norway (Peace Prize only)
  • Ceremony date: 10 December (Death Anniversary of Alfred Nobel)

Important Full Forms

Abbreviation Full Form Abbreviation Full Form
CTBT Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
DVD Digital Versatile/Video Disc DTP Desk-Top Publishing
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization RAF Rapid Action Force
NREGP National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme HTTP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
NIEO New International Economic Order ATM Automated Teller Machine
TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
IGNOU Indira Gandhi National Open University NHRC National Human Rights Commission
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development NIS National Immunisation Schedule
TRP Television Rating Point MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India FDI Foreign direct investment
GUI Graphical User Interface IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
HDFC Housing Development Finance Corporation ICICI Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India
IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India IBM International Business Machines
AT&T American Telephone & Telegraph Company HTC High Tech Computer
INTEL Integrated Electronics ITC India Tobacco Company
MRF Madras Rubber Factory BARC Bhaba Atomic Research Center
BCCI Board of Control for Cricket in India CAIR Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
BCCI Board of Control for Cricket in India CAIR Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
CBI Central Bureau of Investigation CID Criminal Investigation Department
CNG Compressed Natural Gas CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation EMI Equated Monthly Installment
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation GAIL Gas Authority of India Limited
GPRS General Packet Radio Service GPS Global Positioning System
ICC International Cricket Council LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
RADAR RAdio Detection/Direction And Ranging PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
ISRO Indian Space Research Organization SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNICEF United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation

Currencies in the World

RUPEE

Trick: MAN MISS PIC

  • Maldives, Nepal
  • Mauritius, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Seychelles
  • Pakistan, India, Ceylon

POUND

Trick: UK – LESS

  • UK
  • Lebanon, Southern Sudan, Syria

PESO

Trick: MAC – C – CPU

  • Mexico, Argentina, Chile
  • Cuba
  • Colombia, Philippines, Uruguay

EURO

Most European Countries except Bulgaria (Lev), Croatia (Kuna), Czech Republic (Koruna), Denmark (Krone), Hungary (Forint), Poland (Zloty), Romania (Leu), Sweden (Krona), UK (Pound sterling)

DINAR

Trick: LI – J – BISKAT

  • Libya
  • Jordan
  • Bahrain, Iraq, Serbia, Kuwait, Algeria, Tunisia

DOLLAR

Trick: CaFi (coffee)- TAZ – LINE – US

  • Canada, Fiji
  • Taiwan, Australia, Zimbabwe
  • Liberia, New Zealand
  • US

RUBLE

Trick: RUBLE

  • Russia, Belarus

YEN

Japan

YUAN (REGMINBI)

China

RIAL

  • Saudi Arabia, Iran
  • Yemen, Oman

Other important Currencies

  • Thailand – Baht
  • North Korea South Korea – Won
  • Switzerland – Franc

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