List of Scientific Names for NEET, SSC, RRB 2019 (Alphabetically)

List of Scientific Names for NEET, SSC, RRB 2019 (Alphabetically)




In this post, learn the important nomenclature of organisms, why do Scientists name organisms and the Conventions that we must follow, while writing the Scientific Names

Table of Contents

What’s the need of naming organisms?

All right, let’s start the answer with another question. How many organisms are there on Earth? According to Census of Marine Life (A $650 million scientific initiative) there are about 8.7 million organisms (prokaryotic organisms are not taken into consideration).

Also various animals in different parts of the world, have different local names, for example, Lion (Albanian: luan, Czech: lev).

It would be difficult for people speaking or writing in different languages to know when they are talking about the same organism.

This problem was resolved by agreeing upon a ‘scientific’ name for organisms in the same manner that chemical symbols and formulae for various substances are used the world over. The scientific name of an organism is thus unique and can be used to identify it anywhere in the world.

Binominal Nomenclature

The binomial naming system is the system used by the Scientists for naming species. Each species is given a name that consists of two parts. The first part is the Genus and the second part is the species name.

For example, Homo sapiens (Humans) belongs to the Genus Homo and has a Species name sapiens.

Example of Binomial Nomenclature

The binomial naming system was first uniformly used by Carl Linnaeus (Father of Taxonomy).

Conventions for writing Scientific names

  1. The name of the genus begins with a capital letter.
  2. The name of the species begins with a small letter.
  3. When printed, the scientific name is given in italics.
  4. When written by hand, the genus name and the species name have to be underlined separately.

How to remember the Scientific names?

  1. You don’t have to remember all of the Scientific name of living organisms. Why so? Because in most of the competitive exams (such as NEET), you’ll get 4 options to choose from and if you look carefully, you can identify the right option easily.
  2. Some of the scientific names of the living organisms are similar to their common names. For example Bamboosa aridinarifolia is the scientific name of Bamboo and Daucas carota is the scientific name of carrot.
  3. By understanding the meaning of Scientific Names. For example, in Pyrus malus, Pyrus is a latin name, which means pear tree, so this Genus is related to all the plants which bears fruits like Pears (pears, apples etc.). Similarly, what’s the similarity between Potato, Tomato, and Eggplant? They all come from genus Solanum.

Do you know? Tomatoes (Production: 177.04 metric tonnes/year) are the most popular vegetables in the world. The three largest producers of tomatoes are China, India, and US.

Plantae

Common Name Scientific Name
Apple Pyrus malus
Bamboo Bamboosa aridinarifolia
Brinjal Solanum melongena
Banana Musa paradisicum
Black Gram Palsoes Mungo
Banyan Ficus benghalensis
Barley Hordeum vulgare
Black Pepper Piper nigrum
Carrot Daucas carota
Cashew nut Anacardium occidentale
Clove Syzygium aromaticum
Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Cucumber Cucumis sativas
Curry leaf Murraya koenigii
Capsicum Capsicum fruitscence
Chiku Achras sapota
Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Cucumber Cucumis sativas
Curry leaf Murraya koenigii
Capsicum Capsicum fruitscence
Chiku Achras sapota
Cotton Gossypium herbaceum
Dragon fruit Hylocereus undutus
Finger millet Eleusine coracana
Green Gram Phaseolies auicus
Guava Psidium guava
Ginger Zingiber officinale
Garlic Allium sativum
Jack fruit Artocarpus integra
Jowar Sorghum Vulgare
Kadamb Anthocephalus indicus
Lemon Citrus limonium
Mango Mangifera indica
Neem Azadhirachta indica
Onion Allium cepa
Orange Citrus aurantium
Pea Pisum sativam
Papaya Carica papaya
Potato Solanum tubersum
Pomegranate Punica granatum
Peacock Flower (Gulmohar) Delonix regia rafin
Purple orchid tree (Kachnar) Bauhinia purpurea
Peepal Ficus religiosa
Pineapple Ananus sativus
Radish Raphanus sativus
Red maple Acer rubrum
Rice Oryza sativa
Rose Rosa
Soya bean Glycine max
Silver Oak Grevillea robusta
Sandalwood Santalum album
Spinach Lactuca sativa
Sunflower Helianthus annuus
Turmeric Curcuma longaa
Tobacco Nicotina tobaccum
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum
Teak Tectona grandis Linn.
Tamarind treek Tamarindus indica
Tomato Lycopersican esculentum
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris
Wheat Triticum Aestivum

Animalia

Common Name Scientific Name
Cat Felis catus
Cobra Elapidae naja
Camel Camelus camelidae
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus
Chimpanzee Pan troglodytes
Crocodile Crocodilia niloticus
Chameleon Chamaele ontidate
Dog Cannis familiaris
Deer Artiodactyl cervidae
Dolphin Delphinidae delphis
Elephant Proboscidea elephantidae
Frog Cannis vulpes
Giraffe Giraffa camalopardalis
Giant Panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca
Goat Capra hircus
Housefly Musca domestica
Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius
Horse Eqqus caballus
Hyena Hyaenidae carnivora
Kangaroo Macropus macropodidae
Lion Panthera leo
Lizard Sauria lacertidae
Mouse Rodentia muridae
Panther Panthera pardus
Pig Artiodactyla suidae
Porcupine Hystricomorph hystricidae
Rabbit Leporidae cuniculas
Rhinoceros Perrissodanctyl rthinocerotidae
Scorpion Archinida scorpionida
Sea Horse Hippocampus syngnathidae
Squirrel Rodentia sciurus
Tiger Panthera tigris
Zebra Equidae burcheli


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